Plastered Skull – Baysamun

Period: Pre-Pottery Neolithic B

9,000 BC

Material: human skull bone coated in plaster

The custom of the removal of the skull and its plastering was prevalent in the

Pre-Pottery Neolithic sites in Levant. The plastered and ornate skulls were usually buried below the floors in homes, possibly as part of a ritual.

Two plastered skulls found next to each other, were unearthed in Baysamun. One of the skulls is to be found in the Israel Museum and the other is in the Prehistoric Man Museum. The skulls were found under a threshold made of plaster at the entrance of a Neolithic house.


Links to Additional Information – Hebrew:

Article – Hadashot Arkheologiyhot

Modelled skull – Wikipedia

The neighouring skull in The Israel Museum


Bocquentin, F., Khalaily, H., Bar-Yosef, D., Berna, F., Biton, R., Dubreuil, L., Emery-‎Barbier, A., Greenberg, H., Goren, Y., Horwitz, L.K., Le Dosseur, G., Larnau, O., ‎Miens, H.K., Valentin, B., Samuelian, N., 2014. Renewed Excavations at Beisamoun Investigating the 7th Millennium cal BC of ‎the Southern Levant‎. Mitekufat Haeven – Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society 44, 5-100.

Lechevallier, M., Arensburg, B., Smith, P., Yakar, R., Balfet, H., Davis, S., Ducos, P., Farrand, R., Ferembach, D., Hesse, A., Le Brun, A., Mienis, H.K., Perlman, I., Yellin, J., Soliveres, O., 1978. Abou Gosh et Beisamoun. Deux gisements du VII millénaire avant l’ère chrétienne en Israël. Mémoires et Travaux du Centre de Recherches Préhistoriques Français de Jérusalem Jérusalem 2.

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