Burial of Woman with Dog

קבורת אישה עם כלב

Period: Proto-Neolithic

15,000 - 11,500 BC

Natufian cultire

Material: bone

אורך: 235 ס"מ

רוחב: 100 ס"מ

עובי: 20 ס"מ

צילום: Rani Price

The tomb discovered on the Eynan Archaeological site contained an adult human

skeleton. It appears to be the burial of a woman, although it is difficult to ascertain its gender because of the damage caused to the pelvis. The human skeleton was laid out on its right side in a tight foetal position. The left wrist is partially placed under the forehead, and the right hand is on the remains of a puppy, which was also laid curled up near the head of the buried human skeleton.

All of the puppy’s milk teeth were fully grown and the bones long, the forearm and the joints at the end of the bones were not joined together. The puppy’s age at the time of death was determined to be between 3 to 5 months. Burying a dog and a person together shows a close relationship and strong bond between them. This burial is the first indication of the domestication of dogs in the Levant. By 2015, two human and dog burials from the Natufian period were uncovered. The earliest of these is at Eynan. The second burial was excavated on the Pigeon Cave terrace (this burial was more complex, containing two human skeletons and two dogs).

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