Burial of Woman with a Young Dog

קבורת אישה עם כלב

Period: Proto-Neolithic

15,000 - 11,500

Natufian cultire

Material: bone

Length: 235

Width:100

Thickness20

צילום: Rani Price

The tomb discovered on the Eynan Archaeological site contained an adult human

skeleton. It appears to be the burial of a woman, although it is difficult to ascertain its gender because of the damage caused to the pelvis. The human skeleton was laid out on its right side in a tight foetal position. The left wrist is partially under the forehead, and the right hand is on the remains of a puppy, laid curled up near the head of the human skeleton. The puppy’s milk teeth were fully grown and its bones long; the forearm and the bone joints were not joined together. The puppy’s age at the time of death was determined to be between 3 and 5 months.

This burial is the first indication of the domestication of dogs in the Levant. By 2015, two human and dog burials from the Natufian period were uncovered. The earliest of these is at Eynan. The second burial was excavated from the terrace outside Hayonim Cave in the Western Galilee and is more complex, containing two human skeletons and two dogs.

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